What Is Cataract?
Cataract is the loss of transparency of the natural lens in the eye. The lens becomes transparent, frosted or stained glass, and complaints about vision begin. Objects appear as amorphous or fuzzy. Eye fatigue and headache occurs.
The structure of the innate lens in the eye consists of protein and water. The special sequence of the protein ensures that the lens is transparent and transparent. Over the years, small protein molecules begin to clump and eventually lose their lens transparency. When this turbidity covers the entire lens so that it cannot pass the light, mature cataracts occur.
Why Do Cataracts Occur?
Cataract is a symptom of old age and is usually seen in those over 60 years of age, rarely can be congenital or post-traumatic. The patient’s distant or close vision is impaired when cataract is formed. Fogging in vision increases over time. Light reflections start to be uncomfortable. Cataract is treated when the patient’s vision decreases to a level that obstructs his or her daily life or profession. It is a typical symptom of the central cataract that the elderly people who wear glasses are beginning to see without the eyes.
Symptoms of Cataract
Difficult or faint detection of colors (especially blue)
Difficulty seeing in the evening or night blindness
Bright lights around the hare or glare
Frequent change of contact lens or glasses numbers
Loss of depth feeling
Eyestrain and headache
These symptoms may also be perceived as symptoms of another disease. For this reason, detailed eye examination is very important for diagnosis. When the cataract is low, there may be no difference in vision. Cataracts usually progress slowly. Clear vision disappears as it progresses. In some patients, because the cataract progresses over time, they start to see the relative better. This condition is temporary. If you have any of these symptoms, it is necessary to have your eye doctor examined. Cataract surgery should be performed without weakening the patient’s opinion and ability to perform work.
Risk Factors of Cataract
Cataract is seen in young patients in diabetic patients. The risk of cataract formation is higher for those who use cortisone for a long time. As can be seen from birth, it can also be seen after eye injuries.
How to Diagnose
There is no drug treatment for cataract today. Treatment of cataract is only surgery. Surgery is the only choice if cataract occurs in the eye. The newest technique of surgery is the ül Phacoemulsification “method, which is called FAKO. This surgery is performed with the help of a special device. By opening a small tunnel into the eye and entering the eye with the tip of the device forming the ultrasonic waves, the cataract lens is absorbed in place and disintegrated. The removed lens is replaced by a permanent artificial lens (intraocular lens) to perform the visual function
Cataract Operation Success
It is the operation with the highest success rate in eye surgery. The operation with the FAKO method further increased this success. Patient and physician satisfaction is an operation. Cataract surgery is performed seamlessly with the FAKO method and the eye does not need to be taped for a long time. After cataract surgery, if any, the patient’s refractive error approaches zero. Patients who use advanced myopia or hypermetropic glasses before the surgery are also saved. In fact, even in patients with high-grade myopia or hyperopia, the cataract can be performed early to correct the visual defect.
Importance of Early Treatment in Cataract
The cataract should be operated when it reaches a certain stage and prevents the patient’s vision from disturbing. Occasionally when the eye bottom is required to be clearly monitored, such as diabetics, sometimes with eye pressure and cataracts, the surgery can be decided at an earlier stage.