Keratokonus


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Keratoconus Symptoms

Keratoconus is the disease of the most prominent translucent layer of the eye, that is, the progressive thinning and tapering of the cornea. Generally, patients who are in adolescence are aware of their age of 20 years. It progresses between the ages of 20 and 40 and enters the stationary period after 40 years of age. Today, keratoconus disease is observed in one in every 2000 people in western societies. The incidence of keratoconus increases with each passing year. Progressive myopia and astigmatism, corneal thinning and tapering keratoconus disease, which starts to give symptoms, can be diagnosed early with very special tests.

Why

People with a family history of keratoconus are the most important risk group. The presence of some genes that triggered structural degradation in the colloge forming the main structure of the cornea was determined. Allergic eye diseases in which the eye is frequently rubbed can increase the progression of this disease.

Other Symptoms

Early complaints:
Continuous changing glasses numbers,
Progressing myopia and astigmatism,
Low visual acuity
Different prescription glasses from each doctor
Most of the patients in this period can only be diagnosed with video keratographic (topography) special tests. Long-term allergic conjunctivitis, persistent scrubbing of eyes, keratoconus in family members should be considered reasons such as. In a very early period, some of the patients may consult an ophthalmologist to get rid of myopia or astigmatism without any complaints. Keratoconus can be detected by topographic investigations. These examinations will examine the cornea further after excimer laser surgeries made without detailed examination and keratoconus disease can progress faster.