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Macular Degeneration

The growing problem of obesity all over the world invites eye diseases. Obesity causes a visual loss of 95 percent and a yellow spot known as advanced age disease. Hospital Specialists, which occurs in 90 percent of the appearance of the yellow spot layer formed by disruption of the function of the public and known as 50 years after the Yellow Spot (Macular Degeneration) seen in the rate of increase in recent years, one of the reasons explained that the increase in obesity problem .

Macular Degeneration Macular Degeneration, also referred to as Sociable Dot Disease or Age-Related Vision Loss, is the destruction of the vision center of the eye. The vision gradually decreases gradually and the center becomes a dark focus. The retinal retina around the center is not a complete blindness, but the failure to select the point at which it looks will adversely affect the patient’s quality of life. Although there has been no method to stop or treat the disease before, as a result of the studies that have been going on for many years, since 2000, this disease has been started to be treated by the method called Photodynamic Therapy and then anti-VEGF is applied by injection into the vitreous. drugs are in use.

Reason

Causes of diseaseKality,
Ultraviolet effect of the sun,
Lack of vitamin,
Excessive weight gain,
Vein hardness,
Cigaret,
Height in small blood pressure,
Heart growth,
Obesity,
Light colored eyes Açık

symptoms

The disease may not produce serious symptoms in the first place. Therefore, periodic examinations are very important in the diagnosis of the disease. The first symptoms of the disease are as follows.

Warped sight,

Small vision,

It’s like seeing a dark spot in the area you’re looking at al

Both types are distinguished by angiographic examination. After joining a special dye (fluorescein) circulatory system given by the cola veins, photographs of the eye are taken for 10 minutes and the presence of corrupted capillaries is investigated.

In some cases, adequate information may not be obtained with this technique, and a second angiogram, which is called indocyanine green angiography, may be used to investigate the deeper layer.

Two patients may need to have two angiograms at the same time, if they are suspected to be of age.

Types of Disease

Types of Disease

Dry type

It is formed by the accumulation of drusen (oily material) under the retinal layers. It progresses more slowly and leads to decreased vision for a long time.

Age type

The patient is formed by the progression of the damaged capillaries to the retina. This type can cause sudden loss of vision. It is less frequent than dry type but it constitutes 80% of patients with severe visual loss. In particular, if the eye has a membrane (choroidal neovascular membrane-CNVM) formation in one eye, the other eye is also at risk. (22% in one year the disease begins in the other eye)

Aged Macular Degeneration

Age-Related Macular Degeneration (Yellowhead Disease) It is a disease that develops in the center of vision (macular) as the age progresses. It is the leading cause of vision loss in patients over 65 years of age. Considering the increase in the elderly population, the importance of this disease is also increasing. The incidence rate of the disease is over 3% for the age of 65 years and 15% for those who are 75 years old. In addition, the incidence increases with age in two eyes.