Retina


+A A-


What is Retinal Detachment?

Retinal detachment is an eye problem which is seen in 1 person every year and seriously threatens vision. It can occur at any age, including middle age and more frequently. If untreated, it may cause partial or complete vision loss. Retinal detachment is the separation of the pigment epithelium from the layer of the retinal nerve layer. Often due to ruptures or holes in the retina, it develops through leakage of fluid between the two layers. It is most commonly seen in patients with high myopia. The retina layer is stretched as the anterior-posterior diameter of the eye increases, and the stress area on it begins to thin and deteriorate. In some familial or degenerative diseases and infections, thinning and deterioration may occur around the retina. Meanwhile, for the same reasons, the vitreous gel begins to lose its homogeneity and deteriorate, the gel consistency changes and is gradually separated from the retina. This separation is called vitreous detachment. In the meantime, shrunken and occasionally opaque vitreous tissue is seen as a fly or fog screen flying in front of the eye as it passes through the visual axis in the eye.

Causes and Symptoms

Retinal diseases may result in permanent blindness unless treated. Symptoms such as light flash, fly flight, and sudden vision loss may herald a significant retinal disease such as retinal detachment. Early diagnosis, detailed examination, timely and most importantly, correct treatment can prevent the loss of vision. Retinal surgery is an important operation which requires the use of high technology with big sterilization measures, otherwise it may result in loss of vision. Often due to ruptures or holes in the retina, it develops through leakage of fluid between the two layers. It is most commonly seen in patients with high myopia. The retina layer is stretched as the anterior-posterior diameter of the eye increases, and the stress area on it begins to thin and deteriorate. In some familial or degenerative diseases and infections, thinning and deterioration may occur around the retina. Meanwhile, for the same reasons, the vitreous gel begins to lose its homogeneity and deteriorate, the gel consistency changes and is gradually separated from the retina. This separation is called vitreous detachment.

Diagnostics

Retinal Detachment DiagnosisRetina around the area of ​​the fine spoiled areas, holes and tear-off areas to detect the deterioration of the pupils are widened with droplets. If necessary, eye ultrasonography is performed if the retina cannot be seen due to cataract or bleeding.


Macular Degeneration
The growing problem of obesity all over the world invites eye diseases. Obesity causes a visual loss of 95 percent and a yellow spot known as advanced age disease. Hospital Specialists, which occurs in 90 percent of the appearance of the yellow spot layer formed by disruption of the function of the public and known as 50 years after the Yellow Spot (Macular Degeneration) seen in the rate of increase in recent years, one of the reasons explained that the increase in obesity problem .

Macular Degeneration, also known as Yellow Dot Disease or Age-Related Vision Loss, is the destruction of the visual center of the eye. The vision gradually decreases gradually and the center becomes a dark focus. The retinal retina around the center is not a complete blindness, but the failure to select the point at which it looks will adversely affect the patient’s quality of life. Although there has been no method to stop or treat the disease before, as a result of the studies that have been going on for many years, since 2000, this disease has been started to be treated by the method called Photodynamic Therapy and then anti-VEGF is applied by injection into the vitreous. drugs are in use.

Reason

Causes of diseaseKality,
Ultraviolet effect of the sun,
Lack of vitamin,
Excessive weight gain,
Vein hardness,
Cigaret,
Height in small blood pressure,
Heart growth,
Obesity,
Light colored eyes Açık

Symptoms

The disease may not produce serious symptoms in the first place. Therefore, periodic examinations are very important in the diagnosis of the disease. The first symptoms of the disease are as follows.

Warped sight,

Small vision,

It’s like seeing a dark spot in the area you’re looking at al

Both types are distinguished by angiographic examination. After joining a special dye (fluorescein) circulatory system given by the cola veins, photographs of the eye are taken for 10 minutes and the presence of corrupted capillaries is investigated.

In some cases, this technique may not provide sufficient information and is called indocyanine green angiography.